A modern frigate is a 3000-7000 ton warship, equipped with an array of missiles, guns, and radars, and is designed to operate autonomously, along with a battle group or act as an escort for non-combatants, in order to fulfill a variety of tasks depending on the mission.
So which 3 are the most powerful frigate in the world? Which is the greatest modern frigate and why? Let’s see three best figures based on firepower, offensive and defensive capabilities, size, displacement, sensors, and some other features.
Currently, the top 3 Most Powerful Frigates in the world are these:
1.Admiral Gorshkov-class frigate
The Admiral Gorshkov is a class of multi-role frigates. It is a successor to the Burevestnik class (Western reporting name Krivak class). Currently, these new warships are one of the most capable frigates in the world. It has an excellent balance of weapons and sensors and is the perfect example of a multi-role frigate. Many ships in this list either lack a secondary radar, land-attack capability or a proper CIWS. But this ship right here has everything that is needed for a modern surface combatant and displacing around 5000 tons when fully loaded. Russia has planned to build 15 ships for its fleet and as of now, 4 ships are under construction and 2 is finished and 1 is active.
Armaments and Others :
- The Admiral Gorshkov class is equipped with a 16-cell Vertical Launch System (VLS) for a mix of Kalibr-NK land attack cruise missiles (range 2 500 km), P-800 Oniks anti-ship missiles (range 300-500 km) and 91RTE2 anti-submarine missiles (missile drops torpedo 50 km away).
- There is another 32-cell VLS for medium-range air defense missiles. It uses the same interceptor missiles as the S-400 land-based air defense system. These missiles are designed for direct impact to have a range of 40 and 120 km.
- It has a 4 face Poliment 5P-20K multi-function S-band AESA radar which can search and track aerial and surface targets as well as provide guidance to the SAMs. It is the only frigates which have AESA Radar
- Further anti-submarine/anti-shipping capabilities are provided via two quadruple 2330-mm torpedo launchers for unique Paket-NK torpedoes. These can engage both enemy submarines, as well as incoming torpedoes, thus serving a dual role.
- There is a 130-mm A-192M gun. Last ditch defense is provided by 2 Palash CIWS with twin 30 mm Gatling guns each. It has an integrated electro-optic fire control system and 8 short-range SAMs.
- The Admiral Gorshkov class frigates can accommodate a single Kamov Ka-27 or similar naval helicopter.
- Speed: 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)
- Range: 4,000 nautical miles (7,400 km; 4,600 mi) at 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph)
2. Sachsen class
The F124 Sachsen class is Germany’s latest class of highly advanced air-defense frigates. The design of the Sachsen-class frigate is based on that of the F123 Brandenburg class but with enhanced stealth features designed to deceive an opponent’s radar and acoustic sensors. The class incorporates an advanced multifunction radar APAR and a SMART-L long-range radar which is purported to be capable of detecting stealth aircraft and stealth missiles.
The German government contracted for three ships in June 1996 with an option on a fourth that was provisional to have been named Thüringen, but the option for this fourth ship was not taken up. At €2.1 billion for the three ships, the class was one of the most expensive shipbuilding programs of the German Navy.
Currently, 3 of this frigates are active
Armaments and Others :
- Mounted around the top of the superstructure are the four antennae of the Thales advanced phased-array air/surface radar. The Thales SMART-L radar provides long-range aerial surveillance and the ability to detect and track ballistic missiles at distances of 400+ km. This AESA radar operating in the L-band is capable of tracking 1500 targets simultaneously and provides early warning.
- It has 32-cell vertical-launch surface-to-air missile system which carries a mix of Standard SM-2 missiles (range 150 km) as well as RIM-162 Evolved Sea Sparrow missiles (range 50 km) in designated cells. Local defense against air attack is entrusted to two 21-cell Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM) launchers with RIM-116 short-range surface-to-air missiles.
- The anti-ship capability is vested in RGM-84D Harpoon missiles. There are two quadruple launchers with a total of 8 anti-ship missiles.
- There is also a 76-mm OTO Melara dual-purpose gun. Also, there are two Rheinmetall 27-mm guns in remote weapon stations.
- The anti-submarine capability is provided by two helicopters and two triple 324-mm mountings for EUROTORP MU90 lightweight torpedoes. For submarine detection, it has got an Atlas bow-mounted sonar, as well as towed array sonar.
- Sensors and armament of the Sachen class are largely similar to that of the Dutch De Zeven Provincien class and Danish Iver Huitfeldt class.
- However, the German Sachsen class has a small advantage in having hangars for two helicopters, compared to the single hangar on the other two. The Sachsen class can accommodate NFH 90 or Sea Lunx Mk.88Ahelicopters.
- Speed: 29 knots (54 km/h; 33 mph
- Range: 4,000 nmi (7,400 km; 4,600 mi)+ at 18 kn (33 km/h; 21 mph)
3.Iver Huitfeldt class
The class is built on the experience gained from the Absalon-class support ships, and by reusing the basic hull design of the Absalon class the Royal Danish Navy has been able to construct the Iver Huitfeldt class considerably cheaper than comparable ships. Its radars are said to be fully capable of detecting and tracking ballistic missiles at distances of 500+ km and target engagement will be done by US Navy ships using this information as these frigates don’t possess the SM-3 missile yet. This is 6000 Tons Frigates.
Armaments and Others :
- The Iver Huitfeldt class frigates have a modular mission payload system. The same system is used one of the Absalon class support ships. This frigate has slots for six modules. Its main air defense weapons are Standard SM-2 (or SM-6) missiles, as well as RIM-162 Evolved Sea Sparrow missiles. This warship also carries Harpoon anti-ship missiles.
- This frigate has a hangar and can accommodate NFH 90, Westland Lynx Mk.90B, or similar helicopter, which provides additional anti-submarine warfare capability. Recently Danish Navy ordered Sikorsky MH-60R Seahawk anti-submarine helicopters.
- The Iver Huitfeldt class has a diesel-only propulsions system. It is powered by four MTU 20V M70 diesel engines, developing a combined output of 44 000 ships. The power is delivered to 2 shafts. Also, there is a single bow thruster. These Danish frigates are very fuel efficient. At lower speeds, it is capable of traveling 16 700 km (9 000 nautical miles). It is enough to travel from Denmark to the United States and back, while there will still be fuel left in the tanks.
- The Iver Huitfeldt class is slightly inferior to the German Sachsen class frigates. It lacks a third layer missile defense and carries fewer torpedoes. The Danish frigate has got only hull-mounted sonar, but no tower array sonar for submarine detection. Also, the German frigate carries two helicopters. Furthermore, the Danish frigate has an inferior diesel-only propulsion system, which loses in terms of performance to modern Combined Diesel or Gas (CODOG) propulsions. However, its air defense radars are more capable than the Aegis system of the Alvaro de Bazan class.
- Speed: 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)
- Range: 9,300 nautical miles (17,200 km; 10,700 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)
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